Eco-Friendly Choices for Greener Cities
Non-native ornamentals dominate many urban green spaces. But native plants better support local wildlife, adapt to your climate, and promote sustainability. This guide explains how to incorporate hardy, ecologically vital native species into city gardens.
Introduction to Native Plant Gardening
Native plants naturally occur and evolved within a region. These adapted local species form the foundation of habitat and ecosystem health. Urbanization dramatically reduces native plant populations. Gardeners can counter this by cultivating native varieties suited to their precise locale.
This article explores:
- Benefits of native plants for biodiversity
- Finding native species for your specific ecoregion
- Designing gardens with native plants
- Sourcing native plants and seeds
- Caring for native plantings long-term
- Native lawn alternatives
- Community education and native plant resources
- Challenges and solutions in urban native gardens
Continue reading to see how native plants beautify and ecologically enrich urban gardens.
Why Natives Matter
Incorporating native plants offers many advantages:
- Provide vital food and habitat for local pollinators and wildlife that depend on them
- Promote regional plant biodiversity and ecosystems
- Require less maintenance than non-native varieties once established
- Conserve water compared to thirsty conventional lawns and gardens
- Reduce need for fertilizers, pesticides, and trimming
- Offer year-round beauty through blossoms, fall colors, and winter structure
Selecting Locale-Specific Native Plants
Seek out native species that historically populated your city and climate zone by:
- Using plant databases like the USDA PLANTS site to search your area
- Consulting local parks departments and nature preserves for landscaping inspirations
- Taking note of plants thriving untended in nearby vacant lots and roadsides
- Talking to native plant societies and ecologists familiar with your region
- Visiting nurseries specializing in local habitat native plants
Match plant selections to the sunlight, soil, and water conditions of your urban growing site.
Designing Gardens to Feature Natives
Use native plants creatively in your landscape:
- Create mixed borders that intersperse natives with existing non-native ornamentals
- Build native species clusters like a pollinator garden to concentrate ecological benefits
- Use native grasses, sedges, and groundcovers as living mulch
- Replace turf grass with native flowering meadows
- Grow native aquatic marginal plants in raingardens and drainage features
- Showcase specimen native trees like oaks or maples as focal points
- Surround properties with native shrubs and flowering perennials instead of exotic hedges
Sourcing Native Plants
Obtain native species from reputable dealers:
- Consult native plant sales hosted by parks departments or conservation groups
- Visit trusted botanical nurseries carrying locally-sourced natives
- Request native alternatives at mainstream nurseries
- Gather and propagate seeds from wild native plants on your property
- Trade native plants within community gardening and native plant society networks
- Utilize plant rescues to transplant native species from sites slated for development
Caring for Native Plantings
Natives thrive with hands-off maintenance:
- Water new plantings until established then taper off. Many handle drought once settled.
- Use thick mulch like wood chips or leaves to reduce weeds and retain moisture.
- Avoid fertilizing which encourages invasive species over slower-growing natives.
- Learn the ideal pruning season for each species and prune selectively to shape.
- Allow native perennials to self-sow as they spread to naturalize areas.
- Remove undesirable weeds and invasive introduced species promptly.
Native Lawn Alternatives
Trade resource-intensive turf for resilient native lawn replacements like:
- Low-growing sedges, ferns, and mosses as lush living groundcovers
- Ornamental native grasses like bluestem, purple lovegrass, or tufted hair grass
- Carpetweed, violets, clovers, and dichondra for low, flowering lawns
- Moss phlox, wild strawberries, wild stonecrop for mini meadows
Community Education and Native Plant Resources
Help expand usage of climate-suitable native plants:
- Volunteer at schools, parks, and botanical gardens to share native plant knowledge.
- Propose community native garden projects to conserve and showcase local plants.
- Provide native seeds, divisions, and cuttings to neighborhood plant swaps.
- Advocate for native-friendly policies and practices with city land managers.
- Consult helpful native plant societies, master gardeners, and extension services.
- Follow native plant accounts on social media like #NativePlantChallenge.
Challenges With Native Plants
Unique obstacles of urban native gardening and solutions:
- Less aesthetic appeal – Interplant with showy non-native perennials to balance visual interest.
- Perception as weeds – Distinguished weedy lookalikes from intentional native plantings through signs.
- Availability issues – Seek native plant suppliers and propagate your own from seeds or divisions.
- Pest and disease susceptibility – Practice preventive care. Remove afflicted plants to avoid spread.
- Lower wildlife value if not local genotype – Request locally-sourced native species when buying.
- Less novelty – Promote uniqueness of your city’s native plant heritage.
Native plants nourish wildlife, conserve resources, and restore local habitat diversity to urban areas. This guide provided tips for selecting climate-suitable native species for your location and incorporating them into residential and community gardens. Any level of native planting helps reconnect fragmented urban ecosystems. Let’s champion native biodiversity together!
For more native plant resources, visit:
[Native Gardening Club]
[Urban Conservation Initiatives]
[Native Plant Suppliers]