How to Be an Urban Farmer:

A Guide to Growing Urban Agriculture Skills

Urban farming involves growing fruits, vegetables, and other crops in urban settings like vacant lots, rooftops, and converted buildings. It presents unique challenges for growers. Aspiring city farmers can follow this guide to develop the essential skills needed for this rewarding field.


Urban agriculture offers a chance to green cities while providing hyperlocal food access and security. Turning this calling into a career requires expertise in sustainable growing methods, business operations, and community development. This article covers:

  • The role of an urban farmer
  • Important skills to develop
  • Gaining hands-on urban farming experience
  • Educational programs and training opportunities
  • Licensing and regulations to understand
  • Additional expertise to build business acumen
  • Networking and idea sharing with others

Follow these tips to grow your capabilities in order to sprout and scale a successful urban agriculture venture.

What Does an Urban Farmer Do?

Urban farmers cultivate crops innovatively within city landscapes. Key activities include:

  • Designing, building, and managing urban farms utilizing techniques like vertical growing, hydroponics, aquaponics, and rooftop gardens
  • Sourcing, planting, nurturing, and harvesting specialty crops suited for small spaces and container planting
  • Developing growing media, irrigation, lighting, and systems appropriate for urban environments
  • Distributing, marketing, and selling produce through outlets like farmers markets, CSAs, and restaurants
  • Educating communities about local food systems, sustainability, and urban greening

Developing Core Urban Farming Skills

Cultivate expertise across these key areas:

Urban cropping systems – Learn techniques like vertical farming and optimized container gardening.

Sustainable practices – Utilize integrated pest management, low-water methods, composting, and other green approaches.

Crop selection – Understand ideal fruits and vegetables for limited spaces and variable conditions.

Business operations – Build skills in market research, financial management, regulations, and sales channels.

Community engagement – Foster connections through volunteering, educational programs, and participating in networks.

Gaining Hands-On Urban Farming Experience

Practice develops skills rapidly:

  • Volunteer or intern at an established urban farm.
  • Take a job as a farm hand or assistant grower.
  • Start small by launching a patio container garden or joining a community garden.
  • Complete an apprenticeship with a commercial urban farming business.
  • Work part-time at a hydroponics supply store.
  • Help innovators test new urban farming technologies.

Educational Programs and Training Opportunities

Formal education expands expertise:

  • Enroll in an urban farming certificate program.
  • Pursue a horticulture degree with electives in urban agriculture.
  • Take individual urban farming workshops and courses at a community college.
  • Attend urban gardening conferences and meetups.
  • Join a master gardener program through an agricultural extension office.
  • Get trained in high-tech urban farming methods like hydroponics or aquaponics.

Understanding Regulations and Licensing

Learn what is legally required in your city:

  • Research zoning laws and permit requirements for urban farms.
  • Study food business safety, handling, and licensing regulations.
  • Complete food handler certification courses if needed.
  • Investigate grant, loan, and incentive programs available from municipalities.
  • Understand regulations and restrictions regarding livestock, signage, greenhouses, and structures.

Building Business and Entrepreneurship Skills

Urban farming requires broad expertise:

  • Take business, financial management, and marketing classes.
  • Develop a business plan for your urban farm concept.
  • Learn pricing strategies, record keeping, and how to project profitability.
  • Study niche marketing and sales channels like restaurants and local grocers.
  • Sharpen communication and leadership skills.

Networking and Idea Sharing

Connect with others passionate about urban agriculture:

  • Attend urban farming meetups and conferences.
  • Join industry associations and nonprofit groups.
  • Follow and engage with leaders on social media.
  • Subscribe to urban farming blogs, newsletters, and publications.
  • Tour other urban farms. Exchange insights and build camaraderie.
  • Comment on proposed urban agriculture policies and regulations.

Urban farming balances science, business, and community engagement. Continuous learning and hands-on practice will help you gain the experience needed to make this calling a career. Let your passion for urban sustainability blossom into successful city harvests!


Making urban agriculture a profession requires expertise across specialty growing methods, regulations, business operations, and community relationships. Dedicate time upfront to build skills through hands-on practice, formal education, and networking with those already farming in the city. Soon you will have the capabilities needed to cultivate thriving, abundant urban spaces.

For more urban farming resources, see:

[Urban Farming Apprenticeships]
[Workshops at City Farms] [Urban Agriculture Conferences]

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